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View Full Version : Call of the Wild Wolf Lore Introduction and Natural History of the Wolf



evagordon
February 3rd, 2010, 10:17 AM
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mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} </style> <![endif]--> A greeting howl to all of you coming in for the Call of the Wild Wolf Lore seminar. Today I will post an Introduction and basic Natural History about the wolf. The wolf and the raven are my power animals so I’m always surrounded by their energy. I’m a zoologist and educator but most importantly an author of paranormal and fantasy romance novels. No surprise that my heroes are lycans and I created a universe where they live amongst us. My series The Wolf Maiden Chronicles stems from my passion for the wolf. Learn more from my website http://www.ravenauthor.com (http://www.ravenauthor.com/) . On each full moon on my blog I interview famous werewolves and like creatures. Last moon I interviewed Luna the Alaskan wolf. http://evagordon.blogspot.com (http://evagordon.blogspot.com/)<o:p></o:p>
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On Thursday I will discuss Wolf Classification and on Friday Wolf Behavior. Next week I will discuss wolf lore.<o:p></o:p>
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I currently volunteer at a sanctuary and get to hear and see wolves at least once a week. I have a book shelf of books just about wolves and werewolves. If you are a biologist or really detailed do get a copy of Wolves, Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation by David Mech who is the world’s authority on wolves. It’s a university style text and expensive but if you are obsessed as I am it’s a good book to have. The web is filled with great wolf sites and youtube has excellent videos about wolves as well. I might list a few I recommend watching.<o:p></o:p>
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Come in and comment on the thread about the subject of the day. I love talking wolves. If I don’t know the answer I will direct you to someone who might.<o:p></o:p>
<o:p>http://www.coffeetimeromance.com/images/howling%20white%20wolf.jpg
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Introduction<o:p></o:p>
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The wolf is a member of the dog family [I]Canidae. Other members of this family include the fox, coyote, and of course, our beloved pet, the dog. Canis lupus, or the gray wolf, is one of many species and subspecies of wolf found throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The wolf is one of the most widely distributed land mammals. The wolf is found from artic regions to the deserts of Israel and the tropical rainforest of India. There are thirty-eight subspecies of wolf in North America and twenty-eight sub-species of wolf in Europe and Asia combined.<o:p></o:p>
The wolf normally travels in packs and it preys on large mammals. It also feeds on smaller mammals, scavenges and can even feed on berries and other wild fruits. An important part of the food web, wolves help keep the environment in balance by preventing the overpopulation of prey animals and by feeding on the weak and the old. Many still see the wolf as a threat to livestock despite the facts that feral dogs and car accidents kill more cattle and sheep than wolves do. In America, wolves account for only one percent of livestock kills. <o:p></o:p>
The howl of a wolf, which can be heard as far away as ten miles, evokes deep-seated emotions from awe to fear. This call of the wild reminds us of our ancestral past. People have a love/hate relationship with the wolf. We see the good and bad in us in them. The wolf has powers we wish to emulate such as pack loyalty and hunting prowess. For the romantic reader we like the fact that generally wolves mate for life. Their social and intelligent behavior mirrors our own. The wolf also reminds us of evil, death, darkness and blood lust savagery as depicted by legends of werewolves and childhood tales such as Little Red Riding Hood and Peter and the Wolf. It is no surprise that wolves were hunted to near extinction. Fortunately, there is a consciousness to save the wolf. <o:p></o:p>
In order to dispel fact from fiction we will briefly explore the natural history and behavior of the wolf. You will learn why the wolf went from valued archetype and totem to despised creature of darkness. <o:p></o:p>
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http://www.coffeetimeromance.com/images/wolf%20on%20rocks.jpg<o:p></o:p>
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Wolf Natural History (Basic Biology) <o:p></o:p>
The wolf can be classified as a super dog. Their structure, strength, health, sense of smell, sight, and loyalty to their pack is superior to that of the dog. Over the last fifteen thousand or less years breeders have selected dogs for herding, hunting, swimming, tracking and speed from the ancestral wolf. Now imagine a dog having all those attributes and you have the wolf. <o:p></o:p>
The wolf’s physical characteristics make it adaptable in any environment. The average size of wolf is the size of a German Shepard, and their weight ranges from 60 to 200 pounds. Northern wolves are larger than southern wolves. The Arctic wolf can weigh up to 200 pounds while the rare Arabian wolf weighs only 30 pounds. Its thick double layer of fur is designed to protect the wolf against freezing temperatures. Wolves are so well insulated that snow does not melt on their fur. Their fur is thickest during the winter. In the spring and summer the undercoat is shed in sheets unlike dogs. Wolf colors range from black to white, but the average wolf tends to be gray with streaks of silver, black, golden, white, or brown.<o:p></o:p>
Wolves are designed to be ideal predators. The wolf is a carnivore with a powerful jaw with the strength of between 1,500- 1,800 lbs. of pressure per square inch. (PSI). Wolves have forty- two teeth in their long, narrow mouths while dogs have thirty-two teeth. Their four canine teeth can be up to two inches long. They use the canines to slash at the hide and muscle of prey, producing lethal lacerations and bleeding. Four carnassials, molar like teeth toward the rear of the wolf’s mouth are meat-shearers.<o:p></o:p>
Wolves also make excellent hunters because of their ability to run and their extraordinary senses. In pursuit of a prey the wolf can reach a speed of forty miles per hour and can travel up to seventy miles in one day. They find prey by scent, sound and sight. Their sense of smell is 100 times that of humans. A desired smell can be picked up 1.75 miles away. Wolves use this highly attuned sense of smell to detect signs of infection or weakness in prey urine or feces. Once a weak prey is identified the wolf stalks it. Their hearing also helps the wolf find both its prey and companions. Wolves can hear six miles away in a forest and ten miles away in an open field. Their hearing is at 80khz (we hear at 20khz). Wolves have black and white 180-degree vision that is able to detect the slightest movement in prey, danger and understanding the nuances of pack behavior.<o:p></o:p>
Wolves hunt in family groups called packs. A lone wolf would have a difficult time bringing down a large prey. As a pack, the wolves work together as a cunning team to bring down an animal such as a 1000-pound moose. They use a variety of strategies such as spooking a herd to expose the weak or young. Wolves hunt at night, dusk or at dawn using dim light to their advantage. Once a vulnerable prey such as an older animal is chosen they often exhaust it with a long chase before moving in for the kill. One wolf will usually grab the prey’s muzzle while the others bite the hindquarters and sides. Once the animal is killed the wolves will eat as much as they can. They can “wolf down” as much as 20 pounds of flesh in one feeding. Wolves often go for a long time without eating so they take advantage of eating as much as their gut can hold. If they can they will guard the carcass for a few days. They are no match for a foraging bear or a flock of ravens swooping down and stealing meat from the wolf’s meal. When starving, wolves are resourceful and will often eat small prey and even wild berries. <o:p></o:p>
Wolves have an important role as keystone or top predators in an environment’s food chain. They help keep the ungulate (hoofed herbivore) population down thereby keeping the system in ecological balance. Removal of this important predator has caused the dramatic overpopulation of their prey species. For example without their presence in the Isle Royale in North America, the balsam fir tree growth was reduced due to over browsing by moose (Mech, McRobertset et al.1987; McRoberts et al. 1995). <o:p></o:p>
The wolves’ only competition for deer, elk or moose is the human hunter. When the prey animals are scarce, wolves on rare occasions may turn to killing sheep and cattle. Encounters between ranchers and wolves also happen due to habitat encroachment by man. As mentioned earlier most livestock kills are due to feral dogs, cars and even weather. <o:p></o:p>

lavagrl
February 3rd, 2010, 03:54 PM
Hey, Eva.

First off, thanks for hosting. I just read this section and I'm fascinated.

I know it is very rare for wolves to attack people, but do they ever scavenge? Like, come upon a dead person and eat them if they're really fresh?

Teresa D'Amario
February 3rd, 2010, 04:08 PM
Hi Eva,

Thanks for sharing. :) I'll keep an eye out thru the month to learn!

evagordon
February 3rd, 2010, 04:10 PM
Hi Lava girl,
yes wolves like many predators scavenge. During the plagues and wars of Europe when countless bodies riddled the fields wolves along with ravens and starving dogs would eat the rotting corpses, which gave the poor wolf a bad reputation. In some cave paintings the wolf is depicted as guiding man to the after world because of their scavenging on corpses.

evagordon
February 3rd, 2010, 04:11 PM
Thanks Teresa!

bncaudill
February 3rd, 2010, 06:04 PM
*waves* to Teresa. Fancy seeing you here.

Can't wait to learn more on wolves. Can I claim this class as an excuse why my recent purchase of a grey wolf bookmark had to happen?

evagordon
February 3rd, 2010, 07:12 PM
Grey wolf book mark. I think your power animal must be the wolf. HOL (howling out loud)

Savanna Kougar
February 3rd, 2010, 08:38 PM
Eva, great info!!!

I read your interview with Luna, the Alaska Wolfess... fabulous.

I feel a deep connection with wolves and have written them into my stories in several ways, one as Spirit Animals in my 2012 romance novel.

I just shake my head whenever I think how power-mad idiots in our culture actually believe not having wolves around is valuable to society.
Yeah, right, it makes no sense. Because wolves are responsible for keeping the balance of nature as you describe.

I have my own theories as to why wolves were really eradicated in some areas... but, that's another discussion.

I've never seen a pic of an Arabian wolf. At 30lbs, I bet it's adorable.

My sister knows someone who lives in Iran. In the outer isolated areas, the wolves there rule and are so dangerous at night people don't go out.

evagordon
February 3rd, 2010, 08:45 PM
Hi Savanna, thanks for liking my interview with Luna. I will look into the isolated area of Iran. Wolves are still feared in the Middle East.

Turkey, however is the biggest fan of the wolf. Go to any youtube about Turkey and the wolf is prominent as a totem. Asena that she-wolf suckled a great leader. Kind of like Romulus and Remus.

Savanna Kougar
February 3rd, 2010, 08:54 PM
Hmmm... I didn't know that about Turkey or Asena.

One of the reasons people are extra frightened in Iran is because, in general, they aren't allowed to own any weapons. Well, I'm sure the wolves are smart enough to figure out there's nothing to stop them.
And, they may not have enough other prey in those areas, except the sheep herds.

Teresa D'Amario
February 3rd, 2010, 10:09 PM
Yeah, we don't wanna talk about my power animal. Okay, yes we will. It's the Eagle. I'm gonna get an eagle in a story one day, I promise. Funny, that something with such sharp eyesight is the power animal for one so blind.

Hey Beth! :D Yeah, funny that we'd both pay attention, eh? LOL.

evagordon
February 3rd, 2010, 10:11 PM
I just looked up the Iranian wolf Canis lupus pullipes a subspecies of the European wolf though smaller weighing between 55-70 pounds. They are the same species found in India made famous in Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book.Since they do scavenge the dead they could be blamed for killings but being they are predators and prone to rabies or driven by hunger it's possible.

Tomorrow I will talk about how to classify wolves.

kmnbooks
February 3rd, 2010, 10:13 PM
Thanks for sharing your info with us. I love reading about wolves! I'll be stopping by for more. :)

evagordon
February 3rd, 2010, 10:16 PM
Hi Teresa,
Eagle is a good power animal. It is the power of the Great Spirit and lives in both the realm of spirit and the realm of Earth. Good for a writer who needs to be connected to both.

evagordon
February 3rd, 2010, 10:18 PM
Hi kmnbooks, thanks for stopping by.

rebelheart
February 5th, 2010, 06:38 PM
Very interesting Eva and Savanna! I love wolves myself and keep old wolf calendar pictures up on the wall around my computer desk.

Savanna, I'd be interested to know your theories as why wolves were eradicated in some areas. Do you think we can discuss this, Eva?
Julie

rebelheart
February 5th, 2010, 06:43 PM
Teresa, my son loves the eagle too. And he wears glasses (maybe the sharp eyesight is the reason for the eagle being your power totem. Maybe you have sharp eyesight intuitively. When he was younger, I gave him a picture I happened to find framed already of a bald eagle in the front with a wolf's face in the background, not threatening though. More like watching over protectively. That picture just had our names written on it!!!

It still hangs next to his bed.
Julie

evagordon
February 5th, 2010, 07:03 PM
Hi Rebelhart. Yes I plan to discuss this next week but we can discuss anytime. Love to hear from everyone.

lavagrl
February 5th, 2010, 08:17 PM
You guys keep mentioning power animals. What are those?

rebelheart
February 5th, 2010, 08:28 PM
Ted Hughes has a great book on animals that are your 'power' totems called Animal Speak.

rebelheart
February 5th, 2010, 08:32 PM
According to him, "A totem is any natural object, being, or animal to whose phenomena and energy we feel closely associated with during our life. . . . The animal becomes a symbol of a specific force of the invisible, spiritual realm manifesting within our own life" pg 9

rebelheart
February 5th, 2010, 08:47 PM
I've been reading this book for at least a year or so. I read an animal a week (or longer), think about that animal---it's qualities, such as habitat, coloring, voice, etc.---and what that animal can show me. I open the book and let it fall to whatever I'm supposed to meditate on, so it's a book I'll be reading for years.

Even though I read about different animals/birds, etc., the wolf is one I gravitate towards. I used to think I was a cat person, but I realize now I am not and that, in fact, it is their poise and aloofness which I admire and would like to emulate. Or in human terms, the professional/neat/sorority girl persona.

Yeah, right! Not in this lifetime!! Here I am with my 2 baby girls: http://www.myspace.com/romancerebel

rebelheart
February 5th, 2010, 08:49 PM
Oh, he also says that you may have several totems in your life during different periods of your journey. If you don't know about animal/power totems, I recommend his book for a wonderful introduction.

evagordon
February 5th, 2010, 10:15 PM
Power animals are totems or animal archetypes in cultures around the world. Animal- Speak by Ted Andrews is a good start. I do Native American Medicine cards to help folks find their power animals or do journey (drumming work). This is how I found out raven and wolf are my power animals.

D. Dye-vitch36
February 5th, 2010, 10:58 PM
I would LOVE to know what my power animal is. Purely guessing...a hawk.

evagordon
February 5th, 2010, 11:05 PM
Hi vitch 36. If the hawk calls to you, it most likely is your power animal. By the way the number 36 and 18 are magical numbers. When I donate or give a gift it's either for 18.00 or 36.00 dollars.

Also, when you are walking is there a hawk always around?

Tambra
February 5th, 2010, 11:11 PM
[quote=Teresa D'Amario;107725]Yeah, we don't wanna talk about my power animal. Okay, yes we will. It's the Eagle. I'm gonna get an eagle in a story one day, I promise. Funny, that something with such sharp eyesight is the power animal for one so blind.

My power animal is the wolf. I'm trying to catch up here. Lots of great information Eva is sharing.

An eagle story would be great Teresa.

Hugs,
Tambra

Tambra
February 5th, 2010, 11:13 PM
Power animals are totems or animal archetypes in cultures around the world. Animal- Speak by Ted Andrews is a good start. I do Native American Medicine cards to help folks find their power animals or do journey (drumming work). This is how I found out raven and wolf are my power animals.

That sounds wonderful Eva. I found out from a friend who is psychic. I'm not sure about any other animals I have except the wolf.

Thanks for doing this workshop!
Hugs,
Tambra

D. Dye-vitch36
February 5th, 2010, 11:14 PM
My lucky number is 13, and I've always had a way with animals. Especially the ones deamed mean.

At work we have a pair of hawks, and I just get lost while watching him. Love when I catch them together.

She lives across this little pond, he lives on our side. You can watch them communicate, eat together (one limb apart) and sometimes...get their grove on.

He is so beautiful he just takes your breath away. Very majestic looking.


Hi vitch 36. If the hawk calls to you, it most likely is your power animal. By the way the number 36 and 18 are magical numbers. When I donate or give a gift it's either for 18.00 or 36.00 dollars.

Also, when you are walking is there a hawk always around?

evagordon
February 5th, 2010, 11:19 PM
Hi Vitch, hawk must be it. I'm doing a falconry workshop for Hearts Through History Romance March 22. I love raptors.

evagordon
February 5th, 2010, 11:21 PM
Thank you Tambra.

evagordon
February 5th, 2010, 11:23 PM
On a sad note. Redbud an alpha female in the animal sanctuary where I volunteer died of old age a few days ago. Her spirit is now part of the earth and sky.

Teresa D'Amario
February 6th, 2010, 01:45 AM
Yeah, we don't wanna talk about my power animal. Okay, yes we will. It's the Eagle. I'm gonna get an eagle in a story one day, I promise. Funny, that something with such sharp eyesight is the power animal for one so blind.

My power animal is the wolf. I'm trying to catch up here. Lots of great information Eva is sharing.

An eagle story would be great Teresa.

Hugs,
Tambra

Tambra,

Yes, I have been thinking about one. :) But she's talking about the medicine cards - I have those. :) My secondary is the Snake (that's the one we don't talk about). not sure how I feel about that. LOL.

Savanna Kougar
February 6th, 2010, 02:08 AM
rebelheart, those are some cute doggie babes. I have a few myself and fortunately live in a place where they have room to run.

Great advice about power or totem animals. I've only done a little research, but often 'feel' whatever animal I am writing about, especially those who are characters.

Savanna Kougar
February 6th, 2010, 02:15 AM
On a sad note. Redbud an alpha female in the animal sanctuary where I volunteer died of old age a few days ago. Her spirit is now part of the earth and sky.


Her spirit, I believe, is on the other side, as well. Many pets come through during psychic readings with mediums. Why not wolves?

evagordon
February 6th, 2010, 11:44 AM
True. I think her former pack came for her.

rebelheart
February 7th, 2010, 01:05 AM
I'm sorry to hear about Redbud. When you said 'her former pack came for her,' I got this image in my mind of the old video for the Johnny Cash song, "Ghostriders in the Sky," where all the horses were running as ghosts in the sky, only I saw wolves. She is running free and happy with them now.

rebelheart
February 7th, 2010, 01:06 AM
Thanks, Savanna. I like what you say about feeling your animals coming through you in your writing. What a wonderful experience. Hmmm, you think that could be considered a form of automatic writing?? :-)

Savanna Kougar
February 7th, 2010, 06:58 AM
Hi Rebelheart, it could be a form of automatic writing... although, as I understand, if you do automatic writing, you aren't necessarily aware of what's being written until you read it.
In my case, I often hear the thoughts of the animal character, and feel them, and feel their senses... like if they're sniffing something, for example... or, I'll get a sense of what they're body feels like to them.

evagordon
February 7th, 2010, 11:52 AM
I'm sorry to hear about Redbud. When you said 'her former pack came for her,' I got this image in my mind of the old video for the Johnny Cash song, "Ghostriders in the Sky," where all the horses were running as ghosts in the sky, only I saw wolves. She is running free and happy with them now.

Yep, this is exactly how it is.

evagordon
February 7th, 2010, 11:55 AM
Hi Rebelheart, it could be a form of automatic writing... although, as I understand, if you do automatic writing, you aren't necessarily aware of what's being written until you read it.
In my case, I often hear the thoughts of the animal character, and feel them, and feel their senses... like if they're sniffing something, for example... or, I'll get a sense of what they're body feels like to them.

Same here. I think most of us writers are attuned to different realities and when writing can actually shift into the animals we write about.

D. Dye-vitch36
February 7th, 2010, 05:50 PM
Very sorry to hear about your loss of Redbud.

Last year in the back of where I work (rather wooded) a beautiful fox and her three cubs showed up. They were gorgeous.

About a week later, on the road not far I saw a dead fox...and worried it was her. Luckily, her cubs appeared to be at the stage where they may have been about ready to venture off onto their own.

Then about a week ago, I saw another dead fox...really close and worried it may have been one of the cubs.

So heartbreaking!

evagordon
February 7th, 2010, 07:44 PM
Very sorry to hear about your loss of Redbud.

Last year in the back of where I work (rather wooded) a beautiful fox and her three cubs showed up. They were gorgeous.

About a week later, on the road not far I saw a dead fox...and worried it was her. Luckily, her cubs appeared to be at the stage where they may have been about ready to venture off onto their own.

Then about a week ago, I saw another dead fox...really close and worried it may have been one of the cubs.

So heartbreaking!

Sad. I love watching foxes.

Savanna Kougar
February 8th, 2010, 06:21 PM
Same here. I think most of us writers are attuned to different realities and when writing can actually shift into the animals we write about.

Eva, I think that's true.

rebelheart
February 13th, 2010, 10:43 PM
Eva, Taking Savanna's thought about 'feeling' the animal, your comment about SHIFTING into the animal resonated with me.
julie

Tambra
February 13th, 2010, 10:47 PM
I'm working on another shifter story and that was what I tried to do when I wrote from my Wolf Warrior's point of view. He was thinking like a man but also like a wolf and attuned to all around him.
I hope that made sense.

Hugs,
Tambra

Tambra
February 14th, 2010, 12:57 AM
Same here. I think most of us writers are attuned to different realities and when writing can actually shift into the animals we write about.

To have such a connection with our beloved animals is amazing. I also think perhaps most writers have an extra dose of sensitivity due to our creativity and the emotion we put into creating our characters.

Hugs,
Tambra

rebelheart
February 14th, 2010, 01:52 AM
. He was thinking like a man but also like a wolf and attuned to all around him.

Tambra, that sounds fascinating. And I agree; in some ways, it's almost like being a medium, in that you are channeling the ethereal, that is, the character, through your pen or keyboard.
Julie

rebelheart
February 14th, 2010, 01:54 AM
BTW, cute pic of your puppy.

Tambra
February 14th, 2010, 02:10 AM
BTW, cute pic of your puppy.

Thank you! Sparky is a lot fuzzier now. Longer fur like a Cairn or Silky terrier.

He's like a furry four-legged kid.

Hugs,
Tambra

evagordon
February 14th, 2010, 10:18 AM
Eva, Taking Savanna's thought about 'feeling' the animal, your comment about SHIFTING into the animal resonated with me.
julie

I do observations on animals at our local sanctuary and I sense their spirits.

rebelheart
February 15th, 2010, 10:27 PM
Yep, and even when he's an adult, he'll still be like a furry four-legged kid!
Gotta love 'em, huh.
Julie




He's like a furry four-legged kid.

rebelheart
February 15th, 2010, 10:30 PM
Eva,

Do you sense the spirits as if seeing an aura? And/Or do you sense the spirits of ones who have passed?
Julie

evagordon
February 15th, 2010, 11:05 PM
Eva,

Do you sense the spirits as if seeing an aura? And/Or do you sense the spirits of ones who have passed?
Julie


Yes I do, but only animal spirits of those around me. Not ones who have passed. In a drumming circle I once sensed a person who was a 'walk-in' and it really freaked me out.

rebelheart
February 16th, 2010, 12:21 AM
Thanks. I'll bet it freaked you out---maybe the spirit of that person had had a wolf totem or strong identification with wolves.

evagordon
February 16th, 2010, 12:34 AM
Thanks. I'll bet it freaked you out---maybe the spirit of that person had had a wolf totem or strong identification with wolves.

This woman had been a drug addict and allowed a dybuk or dead soul to possess her. The evil eye she gave me when I mentioned she should leave the body was enough to bring goose bumps to your flesh. Very spooky.

rebelheart
February 16th, 2010, 12:40 AM
Yeowwwwllllllll

Savanna Kougar
February 16th, 2010, 07:05 AM
This woman had been a drug addict and allowed a dybuk or dead soul to possess her. The evil eye she gave me when I mentioned she should leave the body was enough to bring goose bumps to your flesh. Very spooky.

Was she possessed by a bad spirit or had her soul been exchanged with another, or a walk in soul?

evagordon
February 16th, 2010, 10:32 AM
Was she possessed by a bad spirit or had her soul been exchanged with another, or a walk in soul?

A walk-in.

Savanna Kougar
February 17th, 2010, 02:30 AM
Interesting, I haven't heard any stories about bad walk-ins.

evagordon
February 17th, 2010, 11:02 AM
Interesting, I haven't heard any stories about bad walk-ins.

In my culture we call them dybbuks. Sometimes the dybbuk is better, sometimes evil.

rebelheart
February 17th, 2010, 11:51 PM
How do you pronounce that?

evagordon
February 18th, 2010, 10:29 AM
How do you pronounce that?

Dybbuk is pronounced debuke. It's Yiddish.